- How Can I Clear a Criminal Record?
- When Will Your Criminal Record Be Cleared? | CBScreening
- Further guidance
- If you are arrested
This page provides a short summary of the key things people with convictions should know about criminal records. Links to additional information can be found under each of the sections. This is because of the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act Most convictions will become spent at some point. We have a tool that can help work this out.
Some jobs involve standard or enhanced DBS checks.
How Can I Clear a Criminal Record?
For further guidance around filtering criteria, visit hub. Many employers ask at some point and if your convictions are unspent, you legally need to disclose them. You could even face a further conviction.
There are 3 main levels of criminal record check and which one is done by the employer depends on the job role. Make sure you know what level of check an employer is doing and only disclose what you legally need to. Spent convictions are not disclosed on basic checks.
When Will Your Criminal Record Be Cleared? | CBScreening
Insufficient evidence to convict does not necessarily mean there is sufficient evidence for an individual to be eliminated as a suspect. If there is documentation available to you e. I have several arrest events, can I apply for the removal of all of them on one application?
The application needs to be set out clearly and needs to address the ground s chosen for each arrest event. Depending on the circumstances of the arrest event, certain ground s might not be relevant for all arrest events. Therefore, for clarity, it would be best practice to complete pages 2, 3 and 5 if required for each arrest event you wish to be considered for deletion.
What do I do? If you are unsure what information may be held on your record or if there is a record held in respect of you on the PNC then you can apply for an ACRO Subject Access request. Information on my PNC record is incorrect. Can I apply to have it amended under this process? This is not the correct process to address the issue of inaccurate information held about you on your PNC record. Any issues of this nature are regarded as a data dispute and you need to raise the issue directly with the force concerned.
Please refer to the table individual force websites for more details. Whilst there is no legal obligation to provide supporting information, providing as much information as possible will assist chief officers in their decision making process and enable a meaningful review to be conducted. Another type of certificate which is issued for visa, work or permit applications is the Criminal Record Extract for a Visa Application. The final type of certificate is the Security Clearance Check whereby companies within the UK who have a branch office in Finland can apply for security clearance checks on prospective employees.
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Three levels of check are provided limited, basic and extended. Individuals cannot apply for this certificate and certain conditions must first be met by employers before applying to the Finnish Police, including obtaining the written consent from the individual before application.
The categories of criminal conviction contained within the Extract from the Criminal Record includes those involving offences against children, sexual offences, violent offences and narcotics offences. Any other convictions not relating to these categories will not be included on the certificate. The Criminal Record Extract for a Visa Applications contains information pertaining to custodial or suspended sentences, community service, fines, juvenile punishments, and overseas decisions against Finnish citizens or permanent residents.
The length of time convictions are kept on the record varies according to type of conviction. Convictions will be removed from a criminal record after 5 years suspended sentences, fines, and community service supplementary to a suspended sentence , 10 years custodial sentences less than 2 years, community service or 20 years custodial sentences between 2—5 years. If no recent convictions have been added to an individual's records, judgments will be removed upon death or when the individual reaches 90 years old. There are multiple avenues in which an individual can obtain a criminal record check in Finland including applying online, by fax, post or email.
An individual can also apply in person to the Legal Register Centre Oikeusrekisterikeskus , which is the department responsible for the criminal record. The certificate can be expected to be received within approximately seven working days, taking into account postage time. As proscribed by Finnish legislation, extracts from criminal records can be transmitted to police authorities of the International Criminal Police Organisation ICPO , to police authorities, or to non-ICPO states on the grounds that it is to uphold public law, investigate and prevent criminal activity or to serve justice and social order.
The criminal records of all French citizens are maintained through an electronic register manned by the Ministry of Justice. The register is a collection of all sanctions and convictions from all penal courts since and remains the source for all aspects of criminal record disclosure in the state. Generally speaking, the disclosure of a criminal record is only released to the individual who committed the offense and only when that individual has handed power of attorney to another or they are declared legally incompetent may another successfully apply to receive the disclosure.
Perspective employers are not allowed access to disclosure at any time. Applications can be submitted online, via email, in person or by post of fax but are limited to the CJN. Criminal record certificates cannot be accessed through a French consulate or embassy at any time.
The three types of criminal bulletin: . Crimes that can be disclosed through the certificate of criminal record: . Removal of Offences from the Record Judgements against an individual are not published on a Bulletin 3 certificate once the rehabilitation period has passed depending on the severity of the conviction either three years for misdemeanours or five years for felony crimes, after the sentence was completed. France has a sex offenders registry but unlike systems such as the United States, does not allow the public to access information regarding the information of cases and individuals who have been convicted of sex crimes, nor does France require the community to be notified of the presence of a sex offender in their neighbourhood as is obligatory in some other countries.
France in particular takes into account the need for rehabilitation as well as the need for public safety. Justice Minister Dominique Perben stated "On the one hand, we must improve medical-psychiatric follow-up for these individuals and on the other hand, we must put in place a system that allows us to know where they are so we can help investigators do their jobs" in response to the soaring number of convictions for sexual offences in In Greece , criminal records are written certificates where entries are created according to the legal provisions provided for in Articles of the Greek Code of Criminal Procedure CCrP.
An Independent Department of Criminal Records exists within the Ministry of Justice and operates as the central authority, able to supervise the criminal record system in Greece. According to provisions contained within Article Each criminal record certificate has two components: the first regarding the individuation of the person and the second consisting of the content of the person's prior criminal acts. Specifically, Article These certificates of criminal records will no longer be in effect, according to Article , under the following conditions:.
In the aforementioned cases, the certificates are destroyed upon the validity of the reasons provided. The full and detailed records of a one's criminal past can be available to a certain range of individuals and authorities, under the terms 'general use' and 'judicial use'. Under Article , general use dictates criminal records will and can be supplied for prospective members of the Bar, future notaries and chartered accountants as they are a prerequisite for registration.
Germany has a criminal record system holding all the information regarding past offences and sentences. The information is maintained by the Federal Central Criminal Register Bundeszentralregister , which is in turn subordinate to the Federal Ministry of Justice. Once a person turns 14, they are able to request their own criminal record. One's criminal record can be viewed by any member of the public at request, as long as they provide ID and purpose of the disclosure. The information in the criminal record certificate includes prior offences, court citations and convictions.
According to the severity of the committed crime and, more importantly, the received sentence, most entries are deleted after 5, 10, 15 or 20 years, respectively. The only sentences exempt from this rule are life imprisonment, preventive detention and commitment in a mental hospital. Unlike other countries listed on this article, Hong Kong authorities do not allow for access to criminal records by employers or school purposes. To pardon persons convicted of criminal offences or commute their penalties".
Criminal records are not purged regardless of time or seriousness of the case. A criminal database exists in Hungary which is allowed for under the 85th Act of on the criminal database and the official certificate of criminal record. Investigative authorities, public prosecutors offices and criminal courts all contribute to the databases.
For people imprisoned for an intentional offence, data will be removed 15 years after their release. If the offence was committed recklessly, then the data will be removed 5 years after release  The data is not publicly accessible, but a person can obtain the data held about themselves upon request. However, section 4 of the Data Protection Act allows individuals to make a formal request in writing to the Garda Criminal Records Office to access personal data held about them. Additionally, a third party may also be able to access your personal data on your behalf.
If you are arrested
In Ireland, criminal convictions remain on the criminal record system for life if the offence was committed after the individual turned 18, as there are currently no legislative provisions which provide for the expungement of criminal convictions. Ireland remains the only country in the EU and one of the only countries in the Council of Europe area to not have such legislation.
However, under Section of the Children Act , offences committed by those under eighteen years of age can be expunged from the record once certain conditions are met: where a person has been found guilty of an offence and:. In other words, your conviction will become spent. There is no official sex offender registry in Ireland. Italy has a criminal record system held at the Criminal Records Bureau in Rome, governed by the department of Justice. Who can apply? Anyone who is an Italian citizen or is a non-citizen but has resided in Italy for a significant period of time can apply to see the records at the criminal records bureau or at one of their offices located in Italy.
They can also apply from the UK. What is included in the information in which they receive? Penal Certificate — details of all criminal offences, court hearings and outcomes. Civil Certificate — contains information regarding bankruptcy, mental competency, and information regarding expulsion from Italy. General Certificate — Similar to Penal Certificate but also includes any information regarding expulsion from Italy.
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Information that is included includes, full name, date of birth, place of birth, reason for request, type of request. Can someone get their record expunged? Yes, Generally speaking, the record of an individual is expunged once the individual reaches 80 years of age or death. As the Italian system hold information regarding pending trails, once the guilty verdict is confirmed, it can take 3—10 years for their record to be expunged.
Information relating to the criminal records of Latvians is held at the Information Centre of the Ministry of the Interior. The aim of this Centre — through the collection of information relating to crime — is to facilitate and investigate the most effective ways in which crime can be prevented to ensure public safety.